The perception that educational institutions, undergraduate and postgraduate programs and research groups which studied the sea in Brazil fell short of the national need to promote integrated knowledge about the Territorial Sea, Exclusive Economic Zone and Legal Brazilian Continental Shelf revealed the need for actions aimed at strengthening human resource training in Marine Sciences.
The "Consolidation and Expansion of Research Groups and Graduate Studies in Marine Sciences" is a program developed within the framework of the Inter-ministerial Commission for the Resources of the Sea (CIRM), as originally established in the VI Sectorial Plan for the Resources of the Sea. Created by Ordinance No. 232, September 14, 2005, the Navy Commander/CIRM Coordinator, the Executive Committee PPG-Mar aims to support, consolidate and evaluate personnel training in the Marine Sciences, through undergraduate and postgraduate courses.
The PPG-Mar objective is "to enhance the capacitation of human resources involved the production and dissemination of knowledge on the components, processes and resources of the marine environment and transition zones".
To this end, the PPG-Mar carries out initiatives to strengthen competencies and maximize the use of human resources in the marine sciences in Brazil. In the fields of Oceanography, Fishing Engineering, Aquaculture, Ocean Engineering, Marine Biology, Marine Geology and other areas of knowledge and research are related to the marine environment.
There are 40 undergraduate classified as belonging to marine ciences category and 28 graduate programs which have research and cientific products that his theme prevails.
Information about the schedule of activities, as well as the results obtained can be found in the "Brazilian Marine Sciences" website: www.cdmb.furg.br
- Zoom to 60% the amount of masters and doctors of the faculty of graduate programs in Marine Sciences;
- Increase by 50% the number of masters graduates annually in graduate programs in which the predominant theme of Marine Sciences;
- Increase by 100% the number of doctors trained annually in graduate programs in which the predominant theme of Marine Sciences;
- Increase by 50% in the impact factor of the journals of the National Ocean Sciences;
- Doubling the supply of teaching materials (titles), based on the national reality, for use by students in the area of Marine Sciences; and
- Expand to 4% of the EEZ and MT (3.5 million km2) of the total consolidated marine protected areas, and
- Meet 30% of graduates in the field of Marine Sciences who must undergo practical experience embedded (100 hours).
The identification and the admeasurement of aspects related to PPG-Mar made periodically obey the following:
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Percentage of teachers with a Master's Degree and PhD in Science of the Sea.
Number of teachers trained annually in PPG in that the predominat theme of Sciences of the Sea.
Number of PhDs annually in PPG in that the predominat theme of Sciences of the Sea.
Impact factor of the journals Science of the Sea.
Number of books produced and published in Science of the Sea.
Graduate rate in Marine Sciences, met with embedded experience.
To carry out activities aimed at enhacing human resource training for the study of the sea, the PPG-Mar is composed of representatives from ministries, specialized academia and other institutions.
PPG-Mar is coordinated by the Ministry of Education (MEC) and composed of representatives from the following agencies:
- MINISTRIES - Education, Mines and Energy, Science and Technology and Innovation, Environment, Fisheries, Aquaculture, Defence.
- OTHER ENTITIES - Navy of Brazil (EMA), Secretariat of the Inter-ministerial Commission for the Resources of the Sea (SECIRM), Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA), National Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio), universities with undergraduate courses in Marine Sciences and Universities with Graduate courses in Marine Sciences.
In developing the activities necessary to achieve its goals, PPG-Mar has chosen to, among others, create temporary thematic working groups - GTs - bringing together experts and collaborators, to analyse alternatives and carry out activities related to the topics of interest.
To speed up the work, PPG-Mar coordinators have been conducting regular meetings and workshops; these are opportunities for participants to define actions and evaluate results.
The following Working Groups are currently operational: Embedded Experience; Journals; Teaching Materials; Teacher Qualification; Entrepreneurship; labor market and Innovation.
PPG-Mar has proven to be a positive action, in bringing unity to teaching and research in the field of Marine Sciences. The use of an objective definition for the field had the benefit of assessing which undergraduate and graduate programs have this topic as a major point of interest.
The activities carried out by PPG-Mar have been recognized in the Brazilian academic milieu that works with the marine sciences, be it in education or in knowledge generation.
PPG-Mar is indispensable in stimulating human resource training in this field of knowledge, which is essential to the exploration and use of the riches that exist in the Territorial Sea, Exclusive Economic Zone and the Legal Brazilian Continental Shelf, now BLUE AMAZON.