The action Aquaculture and Fisheries (AQUIPESCA) is coordinated by the Ministry of Agriculture Livestock and Supply (MAPA). Its purpose is to foster, in a cooperative environment among ministries, the implementation of priority actions of the Sustainable Development Plan for Fisheries and Aquaculture, in order to qualify manpower reSources in fishing activities, adjust fishing effort and encourage mariculture.
Brazil has about 8,500 km of coastline, and an EEZ encompassing over 3.5 million km2. The national fishing employs a total of about 10 million people, and its official level of production is around 1 million tons - of which extractive fishing accounts for over 70%. The per capita average consumption of fish is still considered low, at around 7.8 kg / inhabitant / year. However, there is a certain degree of spatial variability; in the Amazon, the level of consumption is 36 kg / inhabitant / year.
The main frontier for the expansion of fishery production in Brazil lies in aquaculture, with the potential to produce over 20 million tons of fish.
The desired scenario of Brazilian fisheries, based on the rational exploitation of fishery reSources, within the constraints of Maximum Sustainable Yield, is that, under every available reSource is being put to optimal use, from an economic and biological standpoint, to guarantees sustainability of this activity.
The Executive Committee of Aquaculture and Fisheries (AQUIPESCA) was created by Ordinance No. 125/MB of May 13, 2005, by the Navy Commander and Coordinator of CIRM.
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS - Montego Bay, 1982), establishes, in its Article 56, that, in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), the Coastal State exercises sovereign rights for the purposes of exploring and exploiting, conserving and managing natural reSources, living or non-living, in the waters superjacent to the sea bed and its subsoil.
Article 77 of the Convention states that sovereign rights are reserved to Coastal States for the purpose of exploring and exploiting the natural reSources of the bed (including benthic living reSources) and subsoil of the Continental Shelf.
The strategic need to promote sovereign exploitation of the country's fishery reSources, based on an effective policy for the occupation of the EEZ, aims, first and foremost, at the development and promotion of Brazilian fish and aquaculture production, in a sustainable manner.
To achieve the goals set forth by the Ministry of Agriculture Livestock and Supply (MAPA), it is essential to establish a cooperative environment among the ministries, to contribute to the formulation and implementation of public policies for fisheries and aquaculture. Within the CIRM, this environment is the Executive Committee AQUIPESCA.
The action AQUIPESCA objective is to foster, in a cooperative environment among ministries, the implementation of priority actions of the Sustainable Development Plan for Fisheries and Aquaculture, in order to qualify manpower reSources in fishing activities, adjust fishing effort and encourage mariculture.
- Deploy 3 Schools Fishing for professional training of fishing activity and mariculture;
- Develop 10 prototypes of new vessels with appropriate technologies for artisanal fishing;
- 6 Develop research projects of a technological nature and socioeconomic for the diagnosis of marine fishing activity;
- Assess the conservation status of marine species, in order to update the lists of endangered species;
- Deploy 8 Aquaculture Marine Parks;
- Deploy 1 Center for Research & Development technology for cultivation in the open sea; and
- Keep statistics of marine fisheries and mariculture in 17 coastal states (*).
The identification and measurement of aspects related to AQUIPESCA, done periodically, obey the following:
|ADMEASUREMENT||UNIT OF MEASURE||REFERENCE|
School Fishing deployed.
Prototypes of new vessels with appropriate technologies for artisanal fishing.
Research projects of a technological nature and socioeconomic marine fishing activity.
Aquaculture deployed marine parks.
Research & Development technology for cultivation in the open sea.
Statistical marine fisheries and mariculture in coastal states
The Executive Committee AQUIPESCA is assisted by the Mariculture and Fisheries Subcommittees, which implement activities to develop their areas of work. The AQUIPESCA currently consists of the following institutions:
- Ministry of Agriculture Livestock and Supply (MAPA) – Coordinator;
- Secretariat of the Inter-ministerial Commission for the Resources of the Sea (SECIRM);
- Navy of Brazil (MB);
- Ministry of the Environment (MMA);
- Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA);
- Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MCTI);
- National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq);
- Ministry Of Agriculture, Fishery And Food Supply (MAPA);
- Ministry of Foreign Relations (MRE); and
- Ministry of Education (MEC).
The Executive Committee of Aquaculture and Fisheries has the following means at its disposal:
1) technical and administrative support from MPA;
2) administrative support from SECIRM;
3) support from a group of experts, who will serve as ad hoc consultants in carrying out Aquaculture and Fishery activities; they are selected by a renowned authorities, to deal with specific topics; and
4) technical and scientific support from participating Ministries and Institutions.
The MPA will submit strategies to the Executive Committee that are designed towards: Planning, Monitoring and Control, Training, and Vocational Training, and Research and Technology dissemination to the fishing and mariculture sectors, so that participating institutions represented there can cooperate - to the extent possible and within their respective areas of action - to achieve the results and products defined within the aforementioned actions that constitute AQUIPESCA.
Other participating institutions may submit additional proposals to the Executive Committee.
Under the AQUIPESCA Executive Committee lie the aquaculture and Fisheries Subcommittees, which discuss operational strategies for the development of fishing and aquaculture, based on the planned proposals, and those presented by the MPA for each sector. These strategies will be examined in advance by the Fisheries and Mariculture Subcommittees, respectively, before being submitted for consideration and approval by the Executive Committee.
Fisheries and Aquaculture activities should consider environmental, socio-economic, scientific and technological aspects. This strategy aims to reconcile the development of the activity and the maintenance of the environmental quality necessary for adequate expansion of production outputs in the fishing and aquaculture industries.
The effective development of Fisheries and Aquaculture requires Planning, Monitoring and Controlling these sectors.
The MPA currently has a Monitoring and Control Center for fishing operations, involving the satellite tracking of vessels ships and training and boarding observers on board the fishing fleet.
The need for training of human resources for carrying out technical work, be it in fisheries in high seas or in farming, directly reflects the quality and workforce available for this type of service. The implementation of these activities will contribute to the promotion of vocational capacity-building, and to improving technical work done in fishing and aquaculture. It is expected that this will translate into higher productivity, competitiveness in the sector, management skills, and knowledge about the sustainability limits of the sector.
The Executive Committee shall use the installed capacity in educational, research and extension institutions in the country, including, if possible, the network of Federal Centres and Units of Technological Education, promoting the adequacy of the technical infrastructure and human resources training in the areas in need.
The effective development of aquaculture and fisheries requires obtaining technical information about the country's fishing and aquaculture sectors, to provide new options for these sectors, as well as employment, income and revenue for the country.
The acquisition, development and dissemination of new technologies, methods and scientific knowledge in the areas of aquaculture and fisheries are key to achieving the goals of sustainability and growth of the activity.
1. Financial resources
The funding to implement AQUIPESCA comes from specific actions in the Federal Government's Multiyear Plan (PPA), under the coordination and responsibility of MPA.
Other resources may be in the form of corresponding actions from other participants and institutions, in cooperation with international organizations, as well as from partnerships through agreements, parliamentary amendments, private sector involvement and others.
2. Material resources
The material resources and floating means necessary for the development of actions established by AQUIPESCA, will be made avaliable, in Brazil and abroad, by financial resources provided by the PPA, to the Executive Committee and, whenever possible, using the existing infrastructure of institutions that participate in the Committee, and through financial support from other public and private agencies.
3. Human resources
Aiming at enhancing institutional actions and making use of the critical mass of institutions, the AQUIPESCA will consolidate a model for institutional strengthening based on institutional "transversality" and the interdisciplinary nature of human knowledge. Thus, human resources will come from MPA, and will be complemented by human resources allocated by other participating institutions, within their respective capacities and in their respective areas of institutional activity.